What is style risk?

Ryan Lightfoot-Aminoff 17/02/2017 in Basics

When people hear the word style, they are more likely to think Carnaby Street than Canary Wharf, but in the investment world, a fund’s investment style is a very important factor that can easily leave an investor lagging, even though they may have picked managers that are otherwise very good.

Investment style refers to the type of stocks a fund manager seeks. Typically this is determined by the company size (small cap to large cap) or by stock type, either growth or value. This style will reflect the sort of companies in which they invest, and therefore how the fund will perform in different economic conditions.

What style of funds do you own?

The first thing you can do to mitigate this risk is to understand what style of funds you own, although not all funds have an obvious style bias. FundCalibre research notes for Elite Funds will usually explain the type of stocks in which a fund invests and if it has a value bias.

Why does it matter?

When one of these styles is in favour, the other is usually out-of-favour and these trends can stay in place for long periods. As a trend persists, the same style of funds are likely to be the best performers, which then typically drives investment choices. Increasing style risk is easy to do and often goes unnoticed.

This can make a portfolio very exposed to a sudden change in style. Having a large proportion of funds investing in the same type of companies will create a very lopsided portfolio. Investments are then likely to perform very similarly and, should your style be out of favour, go down together.

This is why constantly switching between funds and following what did well recently is rarely the right approach. It is virtually unheard of that a fund manager is able to beat the market every year. Even the very best managers go through periods of underperformance and the main reason for this is when their style goes out of favour.

The best way to mitigate this risk is to hold a variety of different funds and styles to create a balanced portfolio, don’t just look at which funds have performed well recently. If you have a strong view, you can tilt your portfolio towards it but know that there is support in case this view doesn’t play out.

Funds should be selected based on their long-term performance, not just whether they are top of the charts over one year. A diversified portfolio of different styles and assets with a long-term view will give you the best chance.

This article is provided for information only. The views of the author and any people quoted are their own and do not constitute financial advice. The content is not intended to be a personal recommendation to buy or sell any fund or trust, or to adopt a particular investment strategy. However, the knowledge that professional analysts have analysed a fund or trust in depth before assigning them a rating can be a valuable additional filter for anyone looking to make their own decisions.Past performance is not a reliable guide to future returns. Market and exchange-rate movements may cause the value of investments to go down as well as up. Yields will fluctuate and so income from investments is variable and not guaranteed. You may not get back the amount originally invested. Tax treatment depends of your individual circumstances and may be subject to change in the future. If you are unsure about the suitability of any investment you should seek professional advice.Whilst FundCalibre provides product information, guidance and fund research we cannot know which of these products or funds, if any, are suitable for your particular circumstances and must leave that judgement to you. Before you make any investment decision, make sure you’re comfortable and fully understand the risks. Further information can be found on Elite Rated funds by simply clicking on the name highlighted in the article.